Geography & Weather


The Palliser region is an area in the southeast corner of the Province of Alberta, Canada that has been delineated and is serviced by the Palliser Economic Partnership. It borders the Canadian province of Saskatchewan to the east, and the U.S. state of Montana to the south. The region covers an area of 49,528 square kilometers, larger in size than the Netherlands. The total population of the area is over 118,000 (2015). The City of Medicine Hat, with a population of 63,018 (2015 municipal census), is the area’s largest urban center.

The region’s geography is characterized by grasslands – including the Cypress Hills – and classic badlands country.  The region is intersected by two major highways, #1 and #3 on the east-west axis, connecting it to the rest of Canada, and two secondary highways, #36 and #41, on the north-south axis, which connect it to the U.S. border.

Click here to view a Map of our region.


The Palliser region benefits from a comfortable, semi-arid climate, with generally dry, hot summers and cold, sunny winters interspersed with warm Chinook winds. The region receives more than 2,512 hours of sunshine per year on average, making it the sunniest area in Canada.

Annual days of sunshine, on average 330
Average annual precipitation 333.8 mm
Average growing season Over 120 days
January temperatures High -4.5° C (23.9° F); low -15.9° C (3.3° F)
July temperatures High 26.9° C (80.4° F); low 12° C (53.6° F)

In 2010, Environment Canada declared Medicine Hat the sunniest city in Canada; having the greatest number of sunshine hours annually. Here are some examples of how Medicine Hat, the region’s largest center, topped the weather charts:

Weather Stats - Medicine Hat

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